The idea of civil rights has a much narrower definition, being those rights specifically ascribed to citizens by governments. This entry examines the evolution of civil rights in the United States and how they have impacted Arkansans since the Civil War. Its particular focus is on how civil rights and citizenship were expanded through the social changes that occurred in the period. Civil War through Reconstruction At the outbreak of the Civil War incivil rights were largely defined by the Bill of Rights, the first ten amendments added to the U.
It aimed to give African Americans the same citizenship rights that whites took for granted. It was a war waged on many fronts. In the s it achieved impressive judicial and legislative victories against discrimination in public accommodations and voting.
It had less complete but still considerable success in combating job and housing discrimination.
Those best able to take advantage of new opportunities were middle-class blacks—the teachers, lawyers, doctors, and other professionals who had served as role models for the black community. Their departure for formerly all-white areas left all-black neighborhoods segregated not only by race but now also by class.
The problem of poverty, compounded by drugs, crime, and broken families, was not solved by the civil rights movement.
The process of school integration begun by the Brown decision of is viewed by some as a failure because many schools remain segregated by race as blacks and whites still, mostly, live in distinct neighborhoods. But no longer does the law assign blacks to separate schools.
Although Brown dealt only with discrimination in education, it effectively sounded the death knell for the whole Jim Crow system of second-class citizenship.
That is its greatest significance. However, it took the efforts—and in some cases the lives—of many men and women, black and white, to finally conquer Jim Crow. The average income of black families is still well below that of whites.
Even college-educated blacks earn less than their white counterparts. The civil rights movement did not achieve complete equality, but greater equality.
It brought the reality of Virginia closer to the promise articulated by Virginian Thomas Jefferson when he wrote "that all men are created equal.School Segregation and Integration The massive effort to desegregate public schools across the United States was a major goal of the Civil Rights Movement.
Since the s, lawyers from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) had strategized to bring local lawsuits to court, arguing that separate was not equal and.
At the outbreak of the Civil War in , civil rights were largely defined by the Bill of Rights, the first ten amendments added to the U.S. Constitution in These granted specific personal freedoms and limited the power of federal government over individuals.
The causes of social change below affect or characterize every aspect of society across the world. On a macro scale, they shape all of our major social institutions (economics, politics, religion, family, education, science/technology, military, legal system, and so on.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
The events in the s that resulted from the civil rights movement to secure equality for black Americans affected many white Americans deeply. I remember vividly the images on TV at the time.
The civil rights movement created space for political leaders to pass legislation, and the movement continued pushing forward.
Direct action continued through the summer of , as student-run organizations like SNCC and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) helped with the Freedom Summer in Mississippi, a drive to register African American.