The Odyssey does not follow a linear chronology. The first four books set the scene in Ithaca. Telemachus is searching for news of his father, who has not been heard from since he left for war nearly 20 years earlier.
Check new design of our homepage! The Greek epic poem is one of the two works of the Greek literary genius. The poem is an extant work composed around the eighth century. A summary of the Odyssey highlights the journey of the Greek hero Odysseus or Ulysses, after the fall of Troy Penlighten Staff Last Updated: Mar 19, The Odyssey is unique among poems of the time.
The focus on a unified theme within an epic cycle via rapid, but direct, evolution of thought and expression makes the Odyssey a classic. Homer was recognized around the Western world for simple syntax in hexameter verse. The poem spotlights grammatical form led by verse structure to attribute rhythm through uniform pauses.
Homer's poetic skill defies age and time by surpassing degree. Odyssey may lack the expression and distinguishing qualities of Iliad, but the subtle version of the epico-lyrical attempt remains a ballad.
Homer's powerful style of verse defines the popular epic as a ballad, set against Greek culture.
The Odyssey is indigenous and easily distinguishable from a Dante or Milton. Homer's Odyssey is as dramatic as Iliad. The lack of racial antipathy and political events etch the poem permanently in the mind of the reader.
Homeric Greek, in the Odyssey, is a rhapsode style that was probably meant to be sung. The ballad revolves around Odysseus, who takes ten long years after the Trojan War to reach Ithaca. His absence is misunderstood for his death. Penelope, his wife and his son Telemachus deal with suitors, who line up for Penelope's hand.
The unruly Proci make their lives miserable. It is at a time when his son Telemachus, is only a month old. Ten years after the war, Odysseus retraces his steps back home.
By that time, Telemachus is twenty and living with his mother Penelope in Ithaca. His mother has to deal with suitors, who are boisterous and adamant that she should agree to marriage.
Athena, Odysseus's guardian, decides with the King of Gods according to Greek mythology, Zeus, to take the form of Mentes, a Taphian chief and speak to Telemachus. She urges the boy to look for his father.
Telemachus and Athena witness Phemius the bard entertaining the rowdy suitors with "Return from Troy". Even as Penelope objects, urged by Athena, Telemachus orders Phemius to read on. Athena finds Telemachus a ship and crew and helps him to depart for the mainland.
Welcomed by the Nestor family, Telemachus then embarks on a land journey alongside Sparta, Nestor's son. He chances upon Helen and Menelaus bear witness of a meeting with sea-god Proteus.
They inform Telemachus that his father has been captured by Calypso, a nymph. Odysseus, meanwhile, spends seven years in captivity. He is released only to incur the wrath of Poseidon, the sea-god who was not present on Mount Olympus when Athena and Zeus interacted.
Escaping the wreckage, Odysseus swims ashore exhausted and falls asleep. He then seeks the hospitality of Arete and Alcinous. Odysseus struggles through a situation where his identity is always in doubt.
A raid on his twelve ships by storms, lotus eaters and blinded with a wooden stake, leaves the hero a broken man. A boon from Aeolus, the wind god helped Odysseus harness all the winds. However, with destiny playing truant, Odysseus does not retain the only 'safe' wind that could blow him homeward.
His escapades with the pantheon of Greek gods and goddesses, a treacherous sailor, Laestrygones the cannibal, Circe, the witch goddess and the spirit of Tiresias, leave Odysseus spent and longing for home. Odysseus' lucky meeting with the Phaeacians, buys him a home-bound journey.
Disguised as a beggar, Odysseus learns about his family. He meets Penelope with the intention of testing her love for him. Penelope proposes that a contest be held to find the suitor whom she will marry.The Odyssey study guide contains a biography of Homer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
About The Odyssey The Odyssey Summary. The Odyssey (/ ˈ ɒ d ə s i /; Greek: Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, pronounced [nationwidesecretarial.com] in Classical Attic) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.
It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other work ascribed to Homer. The Odyssey summary key points: Odysseus’s son Telemachus sneaks off the island to find his father. Menelaus tells him that Odysseus is being held captive by Calypso.
Most good stories start with a fundamental list of ingredients: the initial situation, conflict, complication, climax, suspense, denouement, and conclusion. Great writers sometimes shake up the recipe and add some spice. Analysis: Books 1–2 The Odyssey is an epic journey, but the word journey must be broadly understood.
The epic focuses, of course, on Odysseus’s nostos (“return home” or “homeward voyage”), a journey whose details a Greek audience would already know because of their rich oral mythic tradition.
The Odyssey study guide contains a biography of Homer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. About The Odyssey The Odyssey Summary.